near

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near

基本词汇

英 [nɪə(r)]

美 [nɪr]

near基本解释

adj.近的;近似的;亲近的;吝啬的

adv.在附近;不久以后;几乎;[罕]吝啬地

prep.附近;接近;临近;大约;(质量、大小等)相仿;濒临

v.接近;靠近

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比较级: nearer 最高级: nearest 名词: nearness 过去式: neared 过去分词: neared 现在分词: nearing 第三人称单数: nears

near是什么意思 near在线翻译 near什么意思 near的意思 near的翻译 near的解释 near的发音 near的同义词
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adj.(形容词)
  • 接近的,近似的,和原物难分的
  • 近的,距离近的
  • 近亲的,亲密的,关系深的
  • 左侧的
  • 直达的
  • 近道的
  • 随后的
  • 不分伯仲的,差不多的
adv.(副词)
  • 差不多,几乎
  • 接近,近,将近,临近
  • 邻接,附近,在附近
  • 节省地
  • 准确到…的程度
  • 大约
  • 没什么分别,相差无几
prep.(介词)
  • 接近,靠近
  • 在...附近
  • 挨近
  • 就近
  • 近在眉睫,濒临,临近
  • 在...身边,在...旁边
  • 大约,接近于,上下
  • 快要
v.(动词)
  • 接近
  • 靠近
  • 临近
  • 走近
adv.(副词)
  • (空间)在近处,在附近 at a short distance away; near by
  • (时间)临近,来临 with a short time between
  • (程度)几乎,差不多,将近 not far from in degree
prep.(介词)
  • (表示位置)靠近,在…接近 with a short distance between
  • (表示时间)将近,快到,临近 with a short time between
  • (表示程度)接近,近乎,濒临 not far from in degree
  • (表示关系)与…近似; 与…紧密相关 not far from in quality
  • (表示过程)到…去从事活动 going in for sth
  • (表示数目)大约,接近 about
adj.(形容词)
  • 近的,不远的 within a short distance or time from sb/sth; not far
  • 亲密的; 近亲的 closely related
  • 近似,相似 similar
v.(动词)
  • vt. & vi. 走近; 靠近 come or draw near to; approach

verb

1.move towards

e.g. We were approaching our destination
They are drawingnear
The enemy army came nearer and nearer

Synonym: approachcome ongo updraw neardraw closecome near

adj

1.not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances

e.g. near neighbors
in thenear future
they arenear equals
his nearest approach to success
a verynear thing
anear hit by the bomb
she wasnear tears
she was close to tears
had a close call

Synonym: closenigh

2.very close in resemblance

e.g. sketched in an approximate likeness
anear likeness

Synonym: approximate

3.with or in a close or intimate relationship

e.g. a good friend
my sisters and brothers arenear and dear

Synonym: deargood

4.giving or spending with reluctance

e.g. our cheeseparing administration
very close (ornear) with his money
a penny-pinching miserly old man

Synonym: cheeseparingclosepenny-pinchingskinny

5.closely resembling the genuine article

e.g. near beer
a dress ofnear satin

adv

1.(of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished
all but

e.g. the job is (just) about done
the baby was almost asleep when the alarm sounded
we're almost finished
the car all but ran her down
he nearly fainted
talked for nigh onto 2 hours
the recording is well-nigh perfect
virtually all the parties signed the contract
I wasnear exhausted by the run
most everyone agrees

Synonym: aboutalmostmostnearlynighvirtuallywell-nigh

2.near in time or place or relationship

e.g. as the wedding day drewnear
stoodnear the door
don't shoot until they comenear
gettingnear to the true explanation
her mother is alwaysnear
The end draws nigh
the bullet didn't come close
don't get too close to the fire

Synonym: nighclose

1.靠近;在…附近
If something isnear a place, thing, or person, it is a short distance from them.

e.g. Don't comenear me...
别靠近我。
e.g. Her children went back every year to stay in a farmhousenear the cottage...
她的孩子们每年都回去,住在小屋边的农舍里。

nearness
He was suddenly aware of his nearness.
他突然意识到离得近了。

2.接近(某一状态);几乎;差不多
If someone or something isnear to a particular state, they have almost reached it.

e.g. After the war, The House of Hardie camenear to bankruptcy...
战后,哈迪家族濒于破产。
e.g. The repairs to the Hafner machine werenear to completion...
对哈夫纳机器的修理即将结束。

3.近似于;和…差不多
If something is similar to something else, you can say that it isnear to it.

near

e.g. ...a sickening sensation that wasnear to nausea.
近乎恶心的难受感觉

4.(与…)最相似的;(和…)几乎差不多的
You describe the thing most similar to something asthe nearest thingto it when there is no example of the thing itself.

e.g. It would appear that the legal profession is the nearest thing to a recession-proof industry...
司法行业看来是最不易受经济萧条影响的领域了。
e.g. He is the nearest to a dead cert that Britain has in Albertville.
他是英国在阿尔贝维尔冬奥会上最有希望夺取金牌的选手。

5.(时间或事件)临近,接近
If a time or event drawsnear, it will happen soon.

near

e.g. The time for my departure from Japan was drawing nearer every day.
我离开日本的日子一天天近了。

6.离(某一时间)不远;临近
If something happensnear a particular time, it happens just before or just after that time.

near

e.g. Performance is lowest between 3 a.m. and 5 a.m., and reaches a peaknear midday...
凌晨3点至5点表现最差,近中午时分最好。
e.g. 'Since I retired to this place,' he wrotenear the end of his life, 'I have never been out of these mountains.'...
“自从隐居到这里,”他在生命即将结束时写道,“我一直没有离开过这些大山。”

7.(指数量或数字)接近于,左右,上下
You usenear to say that something is a little more or less than an amount or number stated.

e.g. ...to increase manufacturing from about 2.5 million cars a year to nearer 4.75 million...
将轿车年产量从250万辆左右增加到接近475万辆
e.g. The pound, which ended last yearnear its annual low, is expected to come under renewed pressure today.
英镑去年年终降到了接近全年最低点的水平,预计今天将再度面临汇价下跌的压力。

8.往(见某人);去(到某处)
You can say that someone willnot go near a person or thing when you are emphasizing that they refuse to see them or go there.

e.g. He will absolutely not gonear a hospital...
他绝对不会去医院。
e.g. I'm so annoyed with her that I haven't beennear her for a week.
我很生她的气,有一个星期没见她了。

9.(两者中)距离较近的
The near one of two things is the one that is closer.

e.g. ...a mighty beech tree on thenear side of the little clearing...
矗立在林间小块空地近侧的一棵高大的山毛榉树
e.g. Jane put one foot in thenear stirrup and turned to look at the stranger.
简一只脚就近蹬上马镫,转脸看着陌生人。

10.近似的;差不多的
You usenear to indicate that something is almost the thing mentioned.

e.g. She was believed to have died innear poverty on the French Riviera.
据信她在法国里维埃拉去世时几乎身无分文。
e.g. ...the 48-year-old who was brought in to rescue the bank fromnear collapse.
被调来帮助银行摆脱濒临破产困境的48岁的新任

11.(在竞赛中)实力接近的,旗鼓相当的
In a contest, yournearest rival or challenger is the person or team that is most likely to defeat you.

e.g. He completed the lengthy course some three seconds faster than his nearest rival, Jonathon Ford...
他比劲敌乔纳森·福特少用了大概3秒钟完成了漫长的赛程。
e.g. That victory put the Ukrainians beyond the reach of their nearest challengers, Dynamo Moscow.
本场胜利使乌克兰人甩开了最强有力的对手,莫斯科迪那摩队。

12.靠近;走近
When younear a place, you get quite near to it.

e.g. As he neared the stable, he slowed the horse and patted it on the neck...
接近马厩时,他勒马缓行,轻拍它的脖颈。
e.g. We were nearing the top of the pass to Tsagochen Thang when the van spluttered and died.
我们在驶近通往 Tsagochen Thang 的垭口时,货车噼啪几声熄火了。

13.接近,临近(某一阶段或某一点)
When someone or somethingnears a particular stage or point, they will soon reach that stage or point.

near

e.g. His age was hard to guess — he must have beennearing fifty...
很难猜测他的年龄,他一定快50了。
e.g. You are nearing the end of your training and you haven't attempted any assessments yet...
培训快结束了,你还没有参加任何评估测试。

14.临近;即将来临
You say that an important time or eventnears when it is going to occur quite soon.

e.g. As half time neared, Hardyman almost scored twice...
临近中场休息时,哈迪曼差点梅开二度。
e.g. This factor will come increasingly to the fore as election day nears.
随着选举日的临近,这一因素将愈发重要。

15.最亲近的人;最亲密的人;至亲
People sometimes refer to their close relatives and friends as theirnearest and dearest .

e.g. ...that English convention of not showing your feelings, even to your nearest and dearest.
甚至不向最亲近的人流露自己情感的英国社会习俗

16.远近;到处;四面八方
You usenear and far to indicate that you are referring to a very large area or distance.

e.g. People would gather fromnear and far...
人们会从四面八方聚到一起。
e.g. Within months his reputation spreadnear and far.
没几个月他就远近闻名了。

17.在不久的将来;在近期
If you say that something will happenin the near future, you mean that it will happen quite soon.

e.g. The controversy regarding vitamin C is unlikely to be resolved in thenear future.
关于维生素C的争议短期内不可能平息。

18.一点儿也不;完全不;远不
You usenowhere near andnot anywhere near to emphasize that something is not the case.

e.g. They are nowherenear good enough...
他们还远不够好。
e.g. It was nowherenear as painful as David had expected...
这远不如戴维所料想的那么痛苦。

19.几乎丝毫不差地,几乎一样地(英国英语中亦作 as near as dammit)
If you want to indicate that something is almost true, you can use the expressionsnear enough anddamned near. In British English, you can also sayas near as dammit.

e.g. I bought them for a pound apiece,near enough...
我几乎是以一英镑一件的价钱买下了它们。
e.g. They are asnear as dammit new...
它们几乎是新的。

20.差点,险些(发生某事)(英国英语中亦作 as near as dammit)
If you want to indicate that something almost happened, you can use the expressiondamned near. In British English, you can also sayas near as dammit .

e.g. He damnednear fooled me...
他险些把我骗了。
e.g. As he was to tell Miranda later, he asnear as dammit left it there.
像他随后告诉米兰达的那样,他几乎没碰它。

1.near:near earth asteroid rendezvous; 近地小行星会合号

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商品

near

A:What about (things/ items/ products) other than food?
除了食物还有(什么/其它/别的)商品吗?

B:There are many storesnear here.
附近还有很多商店。

邻里

near的近义词

A:Do you live (nearby/near here/ close by)?
你住在附近吗?

B:Yes, I live up the block.
是,我住在上一个街区。

小店铺

near的翻译

A:Are there small shopsnear here (as well/ also/ in addition)?
这儿附近(也有小店铺吗/还有小店铺?/还有其它的小店铺吗)?

B:Yes. / No.
是的/没有。

用作副词(adv.)
    达到…的准确程度as accurately as

1. near and dear : 极亲密的;

2. far and near : 远近, 到处;

用作副词(adv.)
  • Please come nearer.
    请走近些。
  • We live quite near.
    我们就住在附近。
  • The summer holidays are drawing near.
    暑假快到了。
  • He was near frozen when they found him.
    他们找到他时,他差不多冻僵了。
  • I was near killed in the accident.
    我在这场车祸中险些丧命。
  • The job is near impossible.
    这工作几乎办不到。
  • The work is nowhere near finished yet.
    这工作离完成还很远。
  • He came near falling.
    他差点跌倒。
用作介词(prep.)
  • The small child was afraid to go near the dog.
    那小孩子不敢靠近那条狗。
  • We were near him at the table.
    我们吃饭时坐在他的附近。
  • Our house is near the river.
    我们的房屋靠近那条河。
  • It's near five o'clock.
    现在将近五点钟。
  • It is near Christmas.
    快到圣诞节了。
  • Most views were fairly near the truth.
    许多观点与真实情况十分相近。
  • He has not been near the office for the past three days.
    过去三天他一直没有去办公室上班。
  • He never goes near a public house.
    他从来不到酒馆喝酒。
  • My father is near sixty.
    我父亲快60岁了。
  • He must be getting near retiring age.
    他一定快到退休年龄了。
用作形容词(adj.)
  • Can you tell me the nearest way to the station?
    你能告诉我去火车站最近的路吗?
  • We are near relatives.
    我们是近亲。
  • Very often tragedies or near tragedies occurred.
    悲剧或近乎悲剧的事经常发生。
用作动词(v.)
  • The fire is dangerous to us as it is so near.
    火这么近,对我们有危险。
  • The post office is quite near.
    邮局很近。
  • Christmas is near.
    圣诞节快到了。
  • The color is the nearest.
    这种颜色是最相近的。
用作副词 (adv.)
副词+~ ~+介词
用作介词 (prep.)
~+介词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 副词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词
  • The near kin of Meg were all in California.

    出自:D. H. Lawrence
  • She is Robert's near relative.

    出自:E. Bowen
  • The near in blood, The nearer bloody.

    出自:Macbeth,Shakespeare
  • Eva had come gradually nearer and nearer to her father.

    出自:H. B. Stowe
  • Now the hour of sunset was near.

    出自:B. Jowett
  • There was uneasiness..lest some danger might be near.

    出自:G. Stein
  • 词语用法
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adj.(形容词)
  • near用作形容词时,一般指在时间和空间相近或程度上相似,可引申表达感情上“亲密的,亲近的”等。
  • near作“近似,相似”解时在句中作表语,但nearest除外。
v.(动词)
  • near指人或事物在时间或空间上挨近或靠近,多用于进行体。可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词,用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语。可用于被动结构。
  • near多用于诗歌中,而少用于日常口语。
prep.(介词)
near, beside, by, on
  • 这组词的共同意思是“靠近,在…旁边”。beside是一般用语,其宾语可以是表示任何人或事物的名词; by强调“紧贴”,其宾语可以是一般的人或事物,但更常见的是side或含有side的名词; near所指的距离要比by远得多,其宾语可是任何表示人或事物的名词; on一般表示与江〔河,湖,海〕岸或铁路线呈线状的地点相接触,含有“邻接,濒临”的意思。
  • adj.(形容词)
    near, nearby
  • 这两个词都可表示“附近的”。nearby在句中只可用作定语,可前置也可后置; near则既可用作定语,又可用作表语,作定语时只能前置。
    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的navigia,意为更近的。
    • 近义词
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    • 临近词
    • 中考真题例句
    • 考研真题例句
    中考真题例句OG 1.near

    Many plants are growingnear the beavers.

    许多植物生长在海狸附近。

    2020青岛市卷

    中考真题例句OG 2.near

    My father told me that there used to be a forestnear our town.

    我父亲告诉我,过去在我们镇附近有一片森林。

    2020陕西省卷

    中考真题例句OG 3.near

    Who wouldn't want to livenear a river?

    谁不想住在河边呢?

    2020陕西省卷

    中考真题例句OG 1.near

    In thenear future, there will be self-driving cars in our city.

    在不久的将来,我们的城市将会有自动驾驶汽车。

    2019兰州市卷

    中考真题例句OG 2.near

    With the rapid progress in high technology, 5G will be used around most parts of China in thenear future.

    随着高科技的快速发展,5G将在不久的将来在中国大部分地区使用。

    2019昆明市卷

    中考真题例句OG 3.near

    We may see a smarter world and better lives in thenear future.

    在不久的将来,我们可能会看到一个更智能的世界和更美好的生活。

    2018贵阳市卷

    中考真题例句OG 1.near

    For me it comes down to a perfect balance of delicious food, pleasant atmosphere and anear perfect location.

    对我来说,这归结于美味的食物、宜人的气氛和近乎完美的位置之间的完美平衡。

    2019苏州市卷

    中考真题例句OG 2.near

    He lay before the bird,near death.

    他躺在鸟面前,快要死了。

    2019衡阳市卷

    中考真题例句OG 1.near

    In fact, horses are theirnearest relatives.

    事实上,马是它们最近的亲戚。

    2020沈阳市卷

    考研真题例句OG 1.near

    In one series of studies, researchers instructed Chicago-area commuters using public transportation to strike up a conversation with someonenear them.

    在一系列的研究中,研究者们通知芝加哥地区乘用公共交通的通勤者开始一段和周围人的交流。

    2021英语二

    考研真题例句OG 2.near

    And where is thenearest water source?

    最近的水源在哪里?

    2019英语一

    考研真题例句OG 3.near

    American archaeologists spent years systematically mapping the entire city of Teotihuacán in the Valley of Mexiconear what is now Mexico City.

    美国考古学家花了数年时间系统地绘制了整个特奥蒂瓦坎古城的地图,这个城市位于墨西哥山谷,靠近现在的墨西哥城。

    2014英语一

    考研真题例句OG 1.near

    That's one reason why we have launched Arc, a new publication dedicated to thenear future.

    这就是我们推出Arc的原因之一,Arc是一种致力于不久的将来的新出版物。

    2013英语一

    考研真题例句OG 1.near

    Everyone wants to help you if you are trying to make a good change in your life, especially your dearest andnearest people.

    如果你想改变你的生活,每个人都想帮助你,尤其是你最亲爱的和最亲近的人。

    2015英语二

    near相关造句

    形容词

    1. Onlynear relatives were invited to the wedding.
    只有近亲被邀请参加婚礼。

    2. The post office is quitenear.
    邮局很近。

    副词

    1. The new houses are built toonear to us.
    这些新房子建造得离我们太近了。

    2. It isnear impossible.
    那是几乎不可能的。

    及物动词

    1. The ship neared the land.
    这条船驶近陆地。

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