before

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before

基本词汇

英 [bɪˈfɔ:(r)]

美 [bɪˈfɔr,-ˈfor]

before基本解释

conj.在 ... 以前

pref.在 ... 以前;在..前面

adv.以前;以往;之前

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before是什么意思 before在线翻译 before什么意思 before的意思 before的翻译 before的解释 before的发音 before的同义词
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conj.(连词)
  • 在...以前
  • 与其...宁可
adv.(副词)
  • 在前,向前
  • 较早
  • 以前,以往,已经
n.(名词)
  • 以前的事情
prep.(介词)
  • (指时间)在...以前
  • (指位置)在...前面,面对着
  • (指次序、重要性等)在...之前,先于
  • (宁可...而)不愿...
  • 由...考虑中
  • 等待着...,有待于...去完成
  • 在未扣除…之前
prep.(介词)
  • (表示位置)在…前面 in front of
  • (表示时间)先于,在…以前 earlier than; preceding in time
  • (表示顺序)在…之前 at an earlier point in an order than; ahead of
  • (表示比较)优于,先于 occupying a superior place in order of precedence or importance
  • (表示选择)与其…宁可 in preference (to), rather than
conj.(连词)
  • 在…之前 earlier than the time
adv.(副词)
  • 先前; 从前; 以前 at an earlier time; already; formerly
  • 在前,在前面 in the front
  • 到前面 forward

adv

1.earlier in time
previously

e.g. I had known herbefore
as I saidbefore
he called me the daybefore but your call had come even earlier
her parents had died four years earlier
I mentioned that problem earlier

Synonym: earlier

2.at or in the front

e.g. I see the lights of a town ahead
the road ahead is foggy
staring straight ahead
we couldn't see over the heads of the people in front
with the cross of Jesus marching onbefore

Synonym: aheadin front

In addition to the uses shown below,before is used in the phrasal verbs ‘go before’ and ‘lay before’.
除下列用法外,before 还可用于 go before 和 lay before 等短语动词中。

1.(时间上)在…之前,早于
If something happensbefore a particular date, time, or event, it happens earlier than that date, time, or event.

e.g. Annie was born a few weeksbefore Christmas...
安妮出生在圣诞节前几周。
e.g. Before World War II, women were not recruited as intelligence officers...
在第二次世界大战之前,女性不能当情报人员。

2.在(做某事)之前
If you do one thingbefore doing something else, you do it earlier than the other thing.

before的解释

e.g. He spent his early life in Sri Lankabefore moving to England...
在移居英格兰之前,他早年是在斯里兰卡度过的。
e.g. Before leaving, he went into his office to fill in the daily time sheet.
离开前,他到自己的办公室填写了日常考勤表。

3.在(某时间或某事)以前
You usebefore when you are talking about time. For example, if something happened the daybefore a particular date or event, it happened during the previous day.

before

e.g. The war had ended only a month or sobefore.
战争大约一个月前才刚刚结束。

4.在(他人做某事)之前
If you do somethingbefore someone else can do something, you do it when they have not yet done it.

e.g. Before Gallacher could catch up with the ball, Nadlovu had beaten him to it.
加拉赫还没来得及追上球,纳德洛武就已经抢先一步触到球了。

5.以前;以往;过去
If someone has done somethingbefore, they have done it on a previous occasion. If someone has not done somethingbefore, they have never done it.

e.g. I've been herebefore...
我以前来过这儿。
e.g. I had met Professor Lownbefore...
我以前见过劳恩教授。

6.(直到…)才;(过了…)才
If there is a period of time or if several things are donebefore something happens, it takes that amount of time or effort for this thing to happen.

e.g. It was some timebefore the door opened in response to his ring.
他按完门铃后过了一会儿门才打开。

7.(必须先具备某一条件)才能;在…之前(必须具备某一条件)
If a particular situation has to happenbefore something else happens, this situation must happen or exist in order for the other thing to happen.

e.g. There was additional work to be donebefore all the troops would be ready.
在全军准备就绪之前,还有一些杂事必须处理。

8.(方位)在…前面,在…面前
If someone isbefore something, they are in front of it.

e.g. They drove through a tall iron gate and stoppedbefore a large white villa.
他们开车穿过一个大铁门,在一栋白色的大别墅前面停了下来。

9.(所经位置)在…前面
If you tell someone that one place is a certain distancebefore another, you mean that they will come to the first place first.

e.g. The turn is about two kilometresbefore the roundabout.
拐弯就在环岛前面约2公里处。

10.面对…(回答质询)
If you appear or comebefore an official person or group, you go there and answer questions.

before的反义词

e.g. The Governor will appearbefore the committee next Tuesday.
下周二,州长将接受委员会的质询。

11.当着…的面;在…注视之下
If something happensbefore a particular person or group, it is seen by or happens while this person or this group is present.

e.g. The game followed a colourful opening ceremonybefore a crowd of seventy-four thousand.
绚丽多彩的开幕式过后,这场比赛在74,000名观众的瞩目之下开始了。

12.摆在…面前;使面对;使面临
If you have something such as a journey, a task, or a stage of your lifebefore you, you must do it or live through it in the future.

e.g. Everyone in the room knew it was the single hardest taskbefore them...
房间里所有人都清楚,摆在他们面前的是最为艰巨的任务。
e.g. I sawbefore me an idyllic life.
展现在我眼前的是充满诗情画意的生活。

13.(重要性)超过;比…重要
When you want to say that one person or thing is more important than another, you can say that they comebefore the other person or thing.

e.g. Her husband, her children, and the Church camebefore her needs.
丈夫、孩子和教会都比她本人的需求重要。

14. before long -> see long

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交通

before

B:Let the people (off/ get off/ disembark from) the trainbefore you get on.
让别人(先下/先下来/先下车)你再上去。

A:I see, that makes more sense, doesn’t it?
我知道。这样更合理,不是吗?

A going concern-(赢利企业)

before什么意思

A:What's your overseas branch factory going?
你海外的分厂进展如何?

B:Not very good at first. It has been two yearsbefore it becomes a going concern.
开始不太理想,直到两年以后才开始赢利。

A:Once you break the ice, it will be better and better.
一旦打开局面,肯定会越来越好的。

B:I hope so.
但愿如此。

Leaving a little early-(早退)

before

A:Could I trouble you for a minute, Mr. Graham?
能打扰一下吗,格雷厄姆先生?

B:Sure, Emily. How can I help you?
没问题,爱米丽。我能帮你什么?

A:I would like to leave a few minutes early today. Would that be all right?
我今天想早走几分钟,可以吗?

B:That’s fine, as long as you can get that report typed upbefore you leave.
可以。只要你走之前把那份报告打完就成。

用作介词(prep.)
    (时间)不久之后,在短时间内 in a short time
用作副词(adv.)
    很久以前 very long ago
用作介词(prep.)
  • The man standing before the blackboard is our English teacher.
    站在黑板前面的那个人是我们的英语老师。
  • We got up before sunrise.
    我们在太阳升起之前起床。
  • Before crossing the road, you should have a look at both ways.
    过马路之前,你应该看看路的两边。
  • Quality comes before quantity.
    品质优于数量。
  • We must stop and rest before going any farther.
    我们必须停下来休息一下再向前去。
  • You must pay attention to this problem before every thing.
    你应该首先注意这个问题。
  • The criminal case comes before the court.
    那桩刑事案件已送法院审理。
  • Great sums of money were placed before the scientists by the government.
    政府为科学家们提供了大笔的经费。
  • What do you earn before tax?
    在未缴税前你的收入是多少?
  • He would die before betraying his country.
    他宁愿一死,也不肯叛国。
用作连词(conj.)
  • Be a pupil before you become a teacher.
    先做学生,再做老师。
  • He will come to see you before he leaves Beijing.
    他离开北京之前会来看你的。
  • It will be some time before we know the full results.
    还要过一些时间我们才能知道全部结果。
  • It will be eight years before we meet.
    八年以后我们才能相见。
  • His father died before he was born.
    他父亲在他出世以前就去世了。
  • He had left for the United States just before the letter arrived.
    他恰好在信到之前去美国了。
  • She died before she reached the hospital.
    她还没有到医院就死了。
  • I had barely come in before the telephone rang.
    我刚进来,电话就响了。
  • Barely had she sat down before the play began.
    她刚坐下,戏就开始了。
  • We had scarcely left the house,before it began to rain.
    我们刚刚离家,天就下起雨来。
  • I will die before I'd surrender.
    我宁愿死也不投降。
  • He'd sit alone in the dark before he'd watch TV.
    他宁愿一个人在黑暗里坐着也不看电视。
  • We must stop and rest before going any farther.
    我们必须停下来休息一下再向前走。
用作副词(adv.)
  • We saw that film before.
    那部电影我们以前看过。
  • I (have) read the book before.
    我以前读过这本书。
  • It came across my mind that I had met him somewhere before.
    我突然意识到我曾在什么地方见过他。
用作介词 (prep.)
动词+~ ~+名词 ~+副词
  • I am sent with broom before, To sweep the dust behind the door.

    出自:Midsummer Night's Dream,Shakespeare
  • Had he his hurts before?..Ay, on the front.

    出自:Macb.
  • Onward, Christian soldiers, Marching as to war, With the Cross of Jesus Going on before.

    出自:S. Baring
  • 词语用法
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  • 常见错误
prep.(介词)
  • before可用于表示时间。首先,可以表示“先于,在…以前”,其后可以跟表示具体日期、时间等的名词或数词,也可以跟表示时间或动作的名词。其次,可以表示“在做…之前”,后接 v -ing。再次,可以表示“紧接在…之前”。before用于否定句还可表示“直到…为止”。注意before之后只能接表示时间点的名词,而不能接表示时间段的名词。
  • before可用于表示动态或静态的位置,意思是“在…之前”,与behind相对。
  • before可用于表示顺序或排列上的“在…之前”或“居于…之前”,与after相对。引申可用于表示比较,即在等级、价值、重要性、能力等方面的“在先”“优于”“重于”。再引申则可用于表示对某事物的优先选择,即“宁可”或“与其…宁可”。
  • before还可表示“面对,在…眼前,在…面前”“有待于去完成”“在审理中,由…考虑”“在…压力下”等。
conj.(连词)
  • before主要引导时间状语从句,意为“先于”“…之后才”“(不多久)就…”。当主句是将来时时,从句谓语动词须用现在时;当主句是一般过去时或过去完成时时,从句常用过去时。before引导的时间状语从句不能用于否定式。
  • before还可用于barely〔scarcely〕...before结构,意为“刚…就…”。
  • before还可引导让步状语从句,意思是“宁愿…也不…”。
  • before引导的从句常用省略句型。
adv.(副词)
  • before用作副词时,意思是“以前,在前面”,表示从较近的过去至较远的过去。用作时间状语泛指以前、不与具体时间连用时,谓语动词可以用一般过去时,也可用现在完成时,前者只表示“过去发生过”,后者则强调“对现在有影响”。
  • before与具体时间连用时,一般置于其后,谓语动词通常用过去完成时。
  • before也可表示空间或位置的“在前,在前面”,还可表示运动“到前面”。
prep.(介词)
before, by
  • 这两个词都可表示“在…之前”。before所表示的时间不包括其宾语所指时间在内,与之连用的动词可以是延续性动词,也可以是瞬间动词; by所表示的时间包括宾语所指的时间在内,因而常译成“不迟于…”。
  • conj.(连词)
    before, for
  • 这两个词都可表示时间,但before可用于肯定句和否定句,表示将来的一个时间点;而for只用于否定句,表示将来的一个时间段。例如:
  • The sun will not rise before six o'clock.
  • 太阳在六点钟前不会升起。
  • The sun will not rise for an hour.
  • 太阳在一个小时之内不会升起。
  • adv.(副词)
    before, in front of
  • 这两个词(组)都可表示“在…前面”,在表示位置或“当…的面”时两者常可替换。其区别是:
  • 1.表示具体事物如建筑物之前时用before较正式,而用in front of更普通。
  • 2.在表示人的名词前和较抽象化或比喻用法时通常用before。
  • 3.before还有引申义,例如:
  • A tree stands in front of the home.
  • 房子前面有棵树。
  • A tree stands before the door of the house.
  • 房子前面有棵树。
  • 第二个句子使用before暗示这棵树可“给房子遮阴”或“给人出行造成困难”等意。
  • conj.(连词)
      铃还没响,同学们就走出去了。

      The students went out before the bell didn't ring.

      The students went out before the bell rang.

      before引导的时间状语从句不能用于否定句。
    • 近义词
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    • 临近词
    • 中考真题例句
    • 考研真题例句
    中考真题例句OG 1.before

    Check what you have writtenbefore you hand in your application form.

    在递交申请表之前,检查一下你写的内容。

    2020苏州市卷

    中考真题例句OG 2.before

    I want to take some photos with thembefore I leave.

    我想在走之前跟他们合照。

    2020包头市卷

    中考真题例句OG 3.before

    I wish my parents or my teachers had taught me all of thembefore!

    我希望我的父母或我的老师以前教过我所有的东西!

    2020长沙市卷

    中考真题例句OG 1.before

    cut grassbefore their kids

    在他们的孩子面前割草。

    2020南宁市卷

    考研真题例句OG 1.before

    Critically, another group was asked to spend a minute writing down reasons for their judgment,before giving the rating.

    关键的是,在进行评分前,另一组被要求花一分钟的时间写下他们判断的理由。

    2021英语二

    考研真题例句OG 2.before

    After all, it was rumoured that smoking caused cancer for yearsbefore the evidence was found to prove a connection.

    毕竟,在有证据证明两者之间的联系之前,吸烟致癌的传闻已经流传了好多年。

    2020英语一

    考研真题例句OG 3.before

    Asked about his choice of career, he says at high school he considered medical schoolbefore switching to electrical engineering.

    当被问及他的职业选择时,他说在高中时,他在转学电气工程之前考虑过医学院。

    2017英语二

    考研真题例句OG 1.before

    At issuebefore the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit was the take of the FCC on net neutrality.

    联邦通信委员会对网络中立性的态度,是美国哥伦比亚特区联邦巡回上诉法院面临的问题。

    2021英语一

    考研真题例句OG 2.before

    Their tensionbefore the camera.

    他们在镜头前的紧张。

    2021英语一

    考研真题例句OG 3.before

    Enjoy the beauty of the world around and keep the eyes open to see the possibilitiesbefore you.

    享受周围世界的美丽,睁大眼睛,看看你面前的各种可能性。

    2015英语二

    before相关造句

    副词

    1. Several soldiers wentbefore to scout.
    数名士兵在前面探路。

    2. He was never latebefore.
    过去他从不迟到。

    介词

    1. Pride comesbefore a fall.
    骄必败。

    2. He sat justbefore me.
    他就坐在我的前面。

    连词

    1. He will diebefore he shall disgrace himself.
    他宁肯死而决不受侮辱。

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