比较级: shorter 最高级: shortest 名词: shortness 过去式: shorted 过去分词: shorted 现在分词: shorting 第三人称单数: shorts
比较级: shorter 最高级: shortest 名词: shortness 过去式: shorted 过去分词: shorted 现在分词: shorting 第三人称单数: shorts
1.the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed between second and third base
2.the location on a baseball field where the shortstop is stationed
3.accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference
Synonym: short circuit
1.create a short circuit in
2.cheat someone by not returning him enough money
1.tending to crumble or break into flakes due to a large amount of shortening
e.g. shortbread is ashort crumbly cookie
ashort flaky pie crust
2.(primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length
e.g. short skirts
the board was a footshort
3.primarily temporal sense
indicating or being or seeming to be limited in duration
e.g. ashort life
only a fewshort months
4.of speech sounds or syllables of relatively short duration
e.g. the English vowel sounds in `pat', `pet', `pit', `pot', putt' areshort
5.not holding securities or commodities that one sells in expectation of a fall in prices
e.g. ashort sale
short in cotton
6.lacking foresight or scope
e.g. ashort view of the problem
shortsighted critics derided the plan
7.(of memory) deficient in retentiveness or range
e.g. ashort memory
8.not sufficient to meet a need
e.g. an inadequate income
a poor salary
food is inshort supply
short on experience
9.less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so
e.g. a light pound
a scant cup of sugar
regularly givesshort weight
10.low in stature
e.g. he wasshort and stocky
short in stature
a little man
1.quickly and without warning
e.g. he stopped suddenly
2.in a curt, abrupt and discourteous manner
e.g. he told me curtly to get on with it
he talkedshort with everyone
he said shortly that he didn't like it
3.at a disadvantage
e.g. I was caughtshort
4.so as to interrupt
e.g. She took him upshort before he could continue
5.at some point or distance before a goal is reached
e.g. he fellshort of our expectations
e.g. the car's axle snappedshort
7.without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold
e.g. he made his fortune by sellingshort just before the crash
形容词和副词用法（ADJECTIVE AND ADVERB USES）
1. -> see Please look at category 24 to if the expression you are looking for is shown under another headword. 以下义项中未列出的表达方式请参第24项。
If something isshort or lasts for ashort time, it does not last very long.
e.g. The announcement was made ashort time ago...
e.g. How could you do it in such ashort period of time?...
If you talk about ashort hour, day, or year, you mean that it seems to have passed very quickly or will seem to pass very quickly.
e.g. For a fewshort weeks there was peace...
e.g. Only fiveshort years later, your money will have grown by $94,000.
仅短短 5 年时间后，你的钱就会增多 94,000 美元。
Ashort speech, letter, or book does not have many words or pages in it.
e.g. They were performing ashort extract from Shakespeare's Two Gentlemen of Verona...
e.g. This is ashort note to say thank you.
Someone who isshort is not as tall as most people are.
e.g. I'm tall and thin and he'sshort and fat.
e.g. ...ashort, elderly woman with grey hair...
Something that isshort measures only a small amount from one end to the other.
e.g. The city centre and shops are only ashort distance away...
e.g. Ashort flight of steps led to a grand doorway...
If you areshort of something or if it isshort, you do not have enough of it. If you are runningshort of something or if it is runningshort, you do not have much of it left.
e.g. Her father's illness left the familyshort of money...
e.g. Government forces are runningshort of ammunition and fuel...
If someone or something is or stopsshort of a place, they have not quite reached it. If they are or fallshort of an amount, they have not quite achieved it.
e.g. He stopped a hundred yardsshort of the building...
他在离大楼 100 码处停下了。
e.g. So what happens if the Socialists top the poll but fallshort of an absolute majority?...
Short of a particular thing means except for that thing or without actually doing that thing.
e.g. Short of climbing railings four metres high, there was no way into the garden from this road...
除非爬过 4 米高的栏杆，否则从这条路没办法进到园子里。
e.g. They have no means,short of civil war, to enforce their will upon the minorities.
If something iscut short orstops short, it is stopped before people expect it to or before it has finished.
e.g. His glittering career was cutshort by a heart attack...
e.g. Jackson cutshort his trip to Africa...
If a name or abbreviation isshort for another name, it is the short version of that name.
e.g. Her friend Kes (short for Kesewa) was in tears...
e.g. 'O.O.B.E.' isshort for 'Out Of Body Experience'.
O.O.B.E. 是 Out Of Body Experience (身外体验)的缩略形式。
If you have ashort temper, you get angry very easily.
e.g. ...an awkward, self-conscious woman with ashort temper.
If you areshort with someone, you speak briefly and rather rudely to them, because you are impatient or angry.
e.g. She seemed nervous or tense, and she was definitelyshort with me.
If youare caught short orare taken short, you feel a sudden strong need to urinate, especially when you cannot easily find a toilet.
If a person or thing is called somethingfor short, that is the short version of their name.
e.g. Opposite me was a woman called Jasminder (Jazzy forshort)...
e.g. This condition is called seasonal affective disorder, or SAD forshort.
If yougo short of something, especially food, you do not have as much of it as you want or need.
e.g. Some people may manage their finances badly and therefore have to goshort of essentials.
You usein short when you have been giving a lot of details and you want to give a conclusion or summary.
e.g. Try tennis, badminton or windsurfing. Inshort, anything challenging...
e.g. She was surrounded by doctors, lawyers, housewives — people, inshort, like herself.
You usenothing short of orlittle short of to emphasize how great or extreme something is. For example, if you say that something isnothing short of a miracle ornothing short of disastrous, you are emphasizing that it is a miracle or it is disastrous.
e.g. The results are nothingshort of magnificent...
e.g. His last visit to Washington was littleshort of a fiasco.
If you say that someone is, for example,several cards short of a full deck orone sandwich short of a picnic, you think they are stupid, foolish, or crazy.
If someone or somethingis short on a particular good quality, they do not have as much of it as you think they should have.
e.g. He was veryshort on enthusiasm...
e.g. The proposals wereshort on detail.
If someonestops short of doing something, they come close to doing it but do not actually do it.
e.g. He stoppedshort of explicitly criticizing the government...
e.g. The resolution stoppedshort of an outright declaration of independence.
If workers are put onshort time, they are asked to work fewer hours than the normal working week, because their employer can not afford to pay them a full time wage.
e.g. Workers across the country have been put onshort time because of the slump in demand...
e.g. Most manufacturers have had to introduceshort-time working.
If somethingpulls youup short orbrings youup short, it makes you suddenly stop what you are doing.
e.g. The name on the gate pulled me upshort.
If youmake short work of someone or something, you deal with them or defeat them very quickly.
e.g. Agassi madeshort work of his opponent.
25. short of breath -> see breath
atshort notice -> see notice
to sell someoneshort -> see sell
to getshort shrift -> see shrift
to cut a long storyshort -> see story
to draw theshort straw -> see straw
inshort supply -> see supply
in theshort term -> see term
Shorts are trousers with very short legs, that people wear in hot weather or for taking part in sports.
e.g. ...two women in bright cotton shorts and tee shirts.
Shorts are men's underpants with short legs.
Ashort is a small amount of a strong alcoholic drink such as whisky, gin, or vodka, rather than a weaker alcoholic drink that you can drink in larger quantities.
Ashort is a short film, especially one that is shown before the main film at the cinema.
1. 短的：Tns007 菊丸:好了,接下来要进行的是关于青学正选的 简短的(short) 问答大石:第一个问题:除了自己饰演的角色(character)外,你还想饰哪个角色?桃城:比赛模式(mode)也很多呢,可以随自己喜爱的选择练习比赛模式,决定双打的双打模式,(其他模式没听懂)啊~选择不过来呢
A：Are you being served, sir?
B：No, not yet. I just want a haircut.
A：Will you sit here, please? How would you like it cut?
B：I want itshort.
A：But it’sshort already, sir.
B：I mean veryshort, shorter than it is now.
A：Shall I just trim it?
B：No, You can cut quite a bit off. I like it to be veryshort all over. Do you see what I mean?
A：Oh, I see. You like the Chinese style, don’t you?
B：Yes, in the Chinese style.
A：Would you like to have a shampoo, sir?
B：No, thank you.
A：How about oil or spray?
B：No, nothing of the kind.
A：There! How is that?
B：That’s very good!
A：What are your weekend arrangements?
B：There’re many things I can do on weekends.
A：What sort of things are you interested in?
B：I’m keen on takingshort trips to nearby scenic spots. More often than not, I go with some of my friends. By the way, what are your favorites?
A：I love swimming and cycling. On Sunday morning I have swimming practice for an hour. In the afternoon, I just ride my bike around the city or along the country roads for almost two hours.
B：That’s great! I think they do you a lot of good. Where do you swim?
A：Mostly in the city’s swimming pool. But on occasion, I go to the beach with friends. Well, what do you do at leisure?
B：I’m fond of dancing.
A：Good. You really know how to enjoy yourself.
B：Thanks. And you, too, I think.
A：I am going to be home a little bit late tonight. You’ll have to have supper on your own.
B：Why is that?
A：There’s a big sale at Macy’s today. Everything is either buy one, get one free, or half price.
B：You’re not going to spend all of our money, are you?
A：Of course not. The offer is too good to pass up, isn’t it?
B：I guess so. Would you mind picking up some shirts for me if you see some?
A：Sure, which color would you like?
B：A green and a light blue one.
A：Ok. Would you like long sleeve orshort sleeve shirts?
B：Long sleeves, please.
A：Do you need anything else?
B：Check out the appliances section. We could really need another washing machine.
A：Ok, I will. Hopefully that will be half off instead of buy one get one free.
B：Just have a look.
B：Actually, we could use a new lawn mower. And maybe a grill for the backyard.
A：Do you just want to come along? It might be easier if we both went.
B：Yeah, you’re right. Let’s go!
A：Do you have any money?
B：No, but I have plenty of credit cards.
A：Maybe I should hang on to those. I know what happens when you get around tools and machines!
1. little short of : 简直不比...差；
2. in short : 总之；
3. be taken short : 突然觉得要大便；
4. short of : 缺乏, 达不到；
5. for short : 简称, 缩写；
6. go short : [经] 短缺, 卖空；
7. run short (of) : 缺少, 快用完；
8. short and sweet : [口]直截了当, 简短扼要；
9. cut short : 打断, 缩减；
10. short for : 简短的；
The cathedral..is the shortest in England (155 feet long).出自：Jan Morris
I don't like your hair as short as that.出自：C. Priest
When the little one sat down..her legs were..too short to reach the ground.出自：P. Fitzgerald
误 The fellow is rather short in height.
正 The fellow is rather short.
析 short本身可表示“身材矮小”,无需加in height。他患了一种因自己身材矮小而产生的自卑情结症。
误 He suffers from an inferiority complex because he's low.
正 He suffers from an inferiority complex because he's short.
误 “Lab” is short of “laboratory”.
正 “Lab” is short for “laboratory”.
析 be short of意为“缺乏…”; 要表达“是…的简写”,应说be short for。他们的汽油快用完了。
误 They are running shortly of gasoline.
正 They are running short of gasoline.
析 表示“缺少…”“快用完…”可说run short of, run在此为系动词,故不说run shortly of。油的供应短缺了。
误 The supply of oil is running short of.
正 The supply of oil is running short.我们的钱快用完了。
误 Our money is running short of.
正 Our money is running short.
析 “(某物)快用完”或“变得不够用”可以用sth run short的结构,这里作主语的是物,不是人。如果用人作主语,则用 sb run short of sth 的结构,作“(某人)缺…”解。这首诗很短,可以背诵下来。
误 The poem is short to learn by heart.
正 The poem is short enough to learn by heart.我们的假期太短了,不能用作旅行。
误 Our vacation is short to take for a journey.
正 Our vacation is too short to take for a journey.
误 The goods are in a short supply.
正 The goods are in short supply.很难买到瓷茶杯,供应非常不足。
误 Difficult to buy china cups, they are in a very short supply.
正 Difficult to buy china cups, they are in very short supply.
析 “(某种商品)供应不足”“不够用”习惯用be in short supply,中间不加任何冠词; 但可以在short前加程度副词very,表示“供应非常不足”。昨天他对我非常无礼。
误 He was very short to me yesterday.
正 He was very short with me yesterday.他对我如此粗鲁,以至于我的自尊心受到了伤害。
误 He was so short to me that I felt hurt.
正 He was so short with me that I felt hurt.
析 “对…无礼或怠慢”,应该说be short with...,其中介词 with不能改用 to。
误 In a short, society must be reorganized.
正 In short, society must be reorganized.
析 in short是习惯用法, short前不加任何冠词。总而言之,我们要作好充分准备。
误 In short word, we must get well prepared.
正 In short, we must get well prepared.
析 “总之”“简言之”用in short表示,这里short是名词,不能再加word。
Because of a long cold winter, Iceland has ashort growing season.
Astronauts lived in these space stations for ashort time.
Our lifetime isshort, so we should make good use of it.
He is soshort that he can’t reach the books on the shelf.
In the end, the real criminal is ashort heavy man and he hasshort brown hair.
Bob is much tall now, the jeans he wore last year are tooshort.
His speech wasshort, but all to the point.
Inshort, I wanted to conquer（ 征服）the world!
He wroteshort stories and soon he was well-known.
Women and children wereshort of food.
Instead of giving all your attention to what you areshort of, look at how lucky you already are.
Many students areshort of exercise in their spare time now
1. These goods are inshort supply.
2. We areshort of men.
3. We areshort of skilled labor.
4. This biscuit eatsshort.
1. He stoppedshort and looked back.